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Note: With the rapid pace of technological advancement in telecommunications, any bibliography provides but a brief and quickly outdated view of the state of affairs. This appendix lists some of the materials we have found useful, but we encourage you to rely more on the extensive resource guides in Appendixes B and C to keep up to date in the areas of most interest to you. Also, increasingly, some of the most topical and timely items appear in "non-traditional" forms, that is in electronic form on the Internet, never being formally published in hardcopy.

Arizona Resources:

Alley, L. R., "Arizona-Sonora Strategic Planning for the North American Trade Corridor: Telecommunications for Economic Development," June, 1993.

Charney, A. and Leones, J., "Impact of High Technology Industry on the Arizona Economy," University of Arizona, October, 1995.

Smith, Jane K. and Wilson, Colin, "Telecommunications and Arizona's Economic Development: The Role of Regulation," Office of Economic Development, Arizona State University Community Relations, Tempe, Arizona, November, 1992.

Walka, J. J., Stratton, L., and Aley, L. R., Arizona Trade Corridor Study: Strategic Information and Telecommunication Services in Arizona, Northern Arizona University, August, 1993.

Welch, Nancy, From a Business Perspective: Outlooks on Telecommunications and Information Services, Morrison Institute for Public Policy, September, 1994.

Arizona High Tech Directory, Kieland Corporation, 1996.

Arizona Telecommunications: Leadership Through Partnerships for Competitive and Innovative Information Industry, Network Resources, Inc. for the Governor's Commission for the Study of the Telecommunications and Information Industry in Arizona, January, 1995.

"Arizona: The State of Telecommunications for the 21st Century," the Proceedings and Findings of the Arizona Telecommunications Issues and Policy Symposium, Arizona Educational and Informational Telecommunications Cooperative (AEITC), October, 1993.

AZTEL 2000: Strategic Plan for Arizona's Information Infrastructure, AZTEL 2000 Task Force, April, 1994.

Creating a 21st Century Economy: Arizona's Strategic Plan for Economic Development (ASPED), Volume 1: Strategic Plan, Arizona Department of Commerce, January, 1992.

Governor's Telecommunication Conference: Summary of Conference Presentations and Results, Arizona Department of Administration, April, 1994.

"The Importance of Telecommunications and Information Services for Businesses in Arizona," Advanced Information Communications Infrastructure Group of GSPED, October, 1994.

Last Mile Standards: Communications Review for Public Education,Arizona Educational and Informational Telecommunications Cooperative (AEITC), 1993.

"Public Policy Considerations and Telecommunications Competition in Arizona," Arizona Corporation Commission (ACC), Work Group 2, April, 1994.

Universal Service and the Regulatory Environment:

Barrow, J. D., Bernt, P. A., and Lawton, R. W., Universal Service in the United States: Dimensions of the Debate, The National Regulatory Research Institute, June, 1994.

Blank, L., Davis, V. W., and Reed, C. E., Telecommunications Infrastructure Investments and State Regulatory Reform: A Preliminary Look at the Data, The National Regulatory Research Institute, 1994.

Brent, P., Kraus, H., and Landsbergen, D., The Impact of Alternative Technologies on Universal Service and Competition in the Local Loo, The National Regulatory Research Institute, 1992.

Brown, S. N., "Universal Service: Do Not Bury Until Dead," Lightwave, March, 1995.

Davis, V. W., Breaking Away from Franchises and Rate Cases: A Perspective on the Evolution of State Telecommunications Policy, The National Regulatory Research Institute, February, 1995.

Davis, V. W., Zearfoss, N., and Reed, C. E., Aspects of Telecommunication Reform: Results of a Survey of Regulatory Commissions, The National Regulatory Research Institute, February, 1995.

Eby, D., "FCC Searches for Reasonable Universal Service Fund Reform," America's NETWORK, August 15, 1995.

Gerwig, K., "Universal Service: Who Gets to Define it?," Interactive Age, February 13, 1995.

Hadden, S. G., "Universal Service: Policy Options for the Future," Benton Foundation, May, 1994 (URL -

Hammer, D., "Industry Places Universal Service on Front Burner," America's NETWORK, March 1, 1994.

Horrigan, J. B. and Rhodes, L., "The Evolution of Universal Service in Texas", University of Texas at Austin, September, 1995 (URL -

Lawton, R. W., Rosenberg, E., and Zearfoss, N., Measuring the Impact of Alternative Regulatory Pricing Reforms in Telecommunications, The National Regulatory Research Institute, 1994.

Mueller, M. and Schement, J. R., "Six Myths of Telephone Penetration: Universal Service from the Bottom Up", Rutgers University School of Communications, 1995
(URL -

Mueller, M., Universal Service: Competition, Interconnection and Monopoly in the Making of the American Telephone System, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, March, 1996 (forthcoming).

Parker, E. B., "Telecommunications and Rural Development in Arizona," Parker Telecommunications, 1995 (from Arizona Telecommunications: Leadership Through Partnerships for Competitive and Innovative Information Industry).

Pearl, D., "Good Connections: Despite Deregulation, Rural Phone Subsidies are Likely to Survive," The Wall Street Journal, November 30, 1995.

Pitsch, P., "Disconnect the Universal Subsidy," The Wall Street Journal, April 4, 1994.

Schement, J. R., "Beyond Universal Service: Characteristics of Americans without Telephones, 1980-1993," Benton Foundation, May, 1994
(URL -

Schenker, J. L., "A New Public Network Model - The Breadth of Universal Service is Changing, Regardless of Government Efforts to Redefine it," Communications Week International, October 2, 1995.

Tunnicliff, J. and Doron, S., Making Connections: A State by State Profile of Telecommunications Regulation in the South, Southern Growth Policies Board, March, 1995.

Tunnicliff, J. and Doron, S., Making Connections: Seven Principles for State Telecommunications Regulations, Southern Growth Policies Board, July , 1995.

Defining and Funding Basic Universal Service: A Proposal of MCI Communications Corporation, MCI, 1994.

The Enduring Local Bottleneck: Monopoly Power and the Local Exchange Carriers, Economics and Technology, Inc./Hatfield Associates, Inc., 1994.

Maintaining Universal Service in a Competitive Environment, United States Telephone Association Discussion Paper, July, 1995.

Summaries of Selected Readings for the Universal Service Project, NARUC Annual Meeting, November, 1993.

Utility Regulatory Policy in the United States and Canada: Compilation 1994-1995, National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners, August, 1995.

Universal Service Project: NARUC Committee on Communications, National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners, July, 1994."States, FCC Must Redefine Relations if Telecom Bill Becomes Law," State Telephone Regulation Report, August 24, 1995.

"FCC Proposes Eliminating or Revising DEM Weighting, Giving Subscribers High-Cost Credits for USF Aid," Telecommunications Reports, July 17, 1995.

"Future of Universal Service Programs Uncertain, OPASTCO Hears from Regulators, Legislative Aides," Telecommunications Reports, September 25, 1995.

"Universal Service Assurance: A Concept for Fair Contribution and Equal Access to Subsidies," Teleport Communications Group, December, 1993.

"Universal Service Assurance II: A Blueprint for Action," Teleport Communications Group, November, 1994.

Rural America:

Hines, F. O., Telecommunications and its Impact on Rural America, National Association of Development Organizations Research Foundation, April, 1994.

Hankins, J. L., "Notes from the Field: The CICNet Rural Datafication Project: Extending Network Access and Services," Internet Research, Spring, 1994.

Horrocks, R. J. and Staurulkis, J., and Lum, P., Keeping Rural America Connected: Costs and Rates in the Competitive Era, Organization for the Protection and Advancement of Small Telephone Companies (OPASTCO), 1994.

Hudson, H., "Universal Service: The Rural Challenge Changing Requirements and Policy Options," Benton Foundation, May, 1994
(URL -

Parker, E. B., Hudson, H. E., Dillman, D. A., Stover, S., and Williams, F., "Electronic Byways: State Policies for Rural Development Through Telecommunications," The Aspen Institute and Westview Press, Boulder, CO, 1992.

Building the Telecommunications Infrastructure in Rural America: Achievements Toward the Promise, National Exchange Carrier Associations, November, 1993.

Falling Through the Net: A Survey of the "Have Nots" in Rural and Urban America, National Telecommunications and Information Administration, July, 1995.

"Rural America at the Crossroads: Networking for the Future," U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, U.S. Government Printing Office OTA-TCT-471, Washington, D.C., April, 1991.

Survey of Rural Information Infrastructure Technologies, National Telecommunications and Information Administration Special Publication 95-33, 1995.

"Understanding Universal Service: Its Impact on Rural America and Prospects for the Future," National Association of Development Organizations Research Foundation, August, 1995.

The National/Global Information Infrastructure, Skills for the Information Age and Universal Access:

Anderson, R. H., Bikson, T. K., Law, S. A., and Mitchell, B. M., Universal Access to E-Mail: Feasibility and Societal Implications, Rand, 1995 (URL -

Bankes, S. and Builder, C., Seizing the Moment: Harnessing the Information Technologies, Rand, 1992.

Bates, S., "The Potential Downside of the National Information Infrastructure," The Annenberg Washington Program in Communications Policy Studies of Northwestern University, 1995
(URL -

Doctor, R. D., "Seeking Equity in the National Information Infrastructure," Internet Research, Fall, 1994.

Eby, Deborah, "Country's Have-Nots Won't Surf Net on Uncle Sam's Dollar," America's Network, September 1, 1995.

Fidelman, M. R., "Life in the Fast Lane: A Municipal Roadmap for the Information Superhighway," The Center for Civic Networking, 1994.

Heldman, R. K., The Telecommunications Information Millennium: A Vision and Plan for the Global Information Society, McGraw-Hill, 1995.

Hyman, L. S., Toole, R. C., and Avellis, R. M., The New Telecommunications Industry: Evolution and Organization, Volume 1, Public Utilities Reports, Inc., 1987.

Kahin, B. and Keler, J. (eds), Public Access to the Internet, MIT Press, 1995.

Kapor, Mitchell, "Where Is the Digital Highway Really Heading?: The Case for a Jeffersonian Information Policy," Wired 1.3, 1995
(URL -

Lanham, R. A., "Digital Literacy: Multimedia Will Require Equal Facility in Word, Image, and Sound," Scientific American, September, 1995.

Smith, A., Books to Bytes: Knowledge and Information in the Postmodern Era, British Film Institute, London, 1993.

National Academy of Engineering, Revolution in the U.S. Information Infrastructure, National Academy Press, 1995.

Ratan, S., "A New Divide Between Haves and Have-Nots? Access to the Information Highway may Determine the Basic Ability to Function in a Democratic Culture," Time, Special Issue Spring, 1995.

"Convergence to Create 21st Century Markets," Communications Industries Report, September, 1995.

Evolving the High Performance Computing and Communications Initiative to Support the Nation's Information Infrastructure, National Research Council, 1995."Gold Rush in Cyberspace: The Internet Will Change Everything - and Everyone Wants a Piece of the Action," U.S. News and World Report, November 13, 1995.

"The Information Have Nots," The New York Times (Editorial), July 5, 1995.

The NII Field Hearing on Universal Service and Open Access: America Speaks Out, National Telecommunications and Information Administration Special Publication 94-29, 1994.

"NII Progress Report: September 1993-1994," Information Infrastructure Task Force, 1994
(URL -

"Online Goes Big Time: The Commercial Services are Beating the Web by Joining it," U.S. News and World Report, November 20, 1995.

Realizing the Information Future: The Internet and Beyond, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1994.

"Seven Thinkers in Search of an Information Highway," Technology Review, August/September, 1994.

"Technology in the American Household: Americans Going Online...Explosive Growth, Uncertain Destinations," Times Mirror Center for the People and the Press, October 16, 1995.

"Technopolitics: The Magna Carta for the Knowledge Age," The Progress and Freedom Foundation (Based primarily on the thoughts of Esther Dyson, George Gilder, George Keyworth, and Alvin Tofler), 1995 (URL -

Visions of the NII: Ten Scenarios, Cross-Industry Working Team, 1995.

The Telecommunications Industry:

Hamburg, M. I. and Brotman, S. N., Communications Law and Practice, Law Journal Seminars Press, 1995.

Hyman, L. S., Toole, R. C., and Avellis, R. M., The New Telecommunications Industry: Evolution and Organization, Volume 1, Public Utilities Reports, Inc., 1987.

Kellog, M., Thorne, J., and Huber, P. W., Federal Telecommunications Law, Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1992 and 1995 Supplement.

Maney, K., Megamedia Shakeout: The Inside Story of the Leaders and the Losers in the Exploding Communications Industry, Wiley, New York, 1995.

Saunders, R. J., Warford, . J., and Wellenius, B., Telecommunications and Economic Development, 2nd Ed., World Bank Publication, John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, 1994.

Wenders, J. T., The Economics of Telecommunications: Theory and Policy, Ballinger Publishing, Cambridge, MA, 1987.

1995 State Reports, National Association of State Telecommunications Directors, 1995.1995 Telecommunications Market Review and Forecast, MultiMedia Telecommunications Association (MMTA), 1995.

Annual Review of Communications, International Engineering Consortium, 1995.

Common Carrier Competition, Federal Communications Commission, Fall, 1995.

"The Last Frontier: Phone Frenzy in the Developing World is Charging Up the Telecom Industry," Business Week, September 18, 1995.

"Phone Frenzy: Is There Anyone Who Doesn't Want to be a Telecom Player?," Business Week,February 20, 1995.

The Promise and Challenge of a New Communications Age, Morino Institute, 1995.

Statistics of Communications Common Carriers, Federal Communications Commission, 1993/1994 Edition.

Telecommunications: The Next American Revolution, National Governors' Association, 1994.

Where We've Been:

Asimov, Isaac, Asimov's Chronology of Science and Discovery, Harper & Row, New York, 1989.

Lebow, I., From the Telegraph to the Twenty-First Century, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1995.

Lewis, Tom, Empires of the Air: The Men Who Made Radio, Harper Collins, New York, 1991.

Lubar, Steve, InfoCulture: The Smithsonian Book of Information Age Inventions, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1993.

Oslin, G. P., The Story of Telecommunications, Mercer University Press, 1993.

Technology on the March:

Dziatkiewicz, M., "Wireless Local Loops: They're Hot Overseas but How Will They Play in the U.S.?," America's NETWORK, November 1, 1995.

Dziatkiewicz, M., "No More False Starts for ISDN," America's NETWORK, November 15, 1995.

Kim, G., "Broadband to the Home: Choice of Set-top Technology is 'Make-or-Break' Decision," America's NETWORK, April 1, 1995.

Kwok, T., "A Vision of Residential Broadband Services: ATM-to-the-Home," IEEE Network, September/October, 1995.

Lee, W. C. Y., "The Wireless Local Loop in the Future," Telephony, October 23, 1995.

Rooholamini, R. and Cherkassky, V., "ATM-Based Multimedia Servers," IEEE Multimedia, Spring, 1995.

Salamone, S., "Higher Data Speeds Coming or Plain Phone Lines," BYTE, January, 1996.

Sharpe, R. and Lalani, H., "Taking ATM Home," Telephony, August 21, 1995.

Spaniol, O., Fasbender, A., Hoff, S., Kaltwasser, J., and Kassubek, J., "Impacts of Mobility on Telecommunications and Data Communication Networks," IEEE Personal Communications, October, 1995.

Troy, C. T., "All that Glitters Isn't Fiber to the Home," Photonics Spectra, December, 1995.

Zyseman, G. I., "Wireless Networks," Scientific American, September, 1995.

The Cable Television Handbook, National Cable Television Association, January, 1995.

Cable Television Developments, National Cable Television Association, Spring, 1995.

Where We Might Be Going:

Brand, Stewart, The Media Lab: Inventing the Future at MIT, Viking, New York, 1987.

Gates, Bill, The Road Ahead, Viking, New York, 1995.

Jones, S. G. (ed), CyberSociety: Computer-Mediated Communication and Community, Sage, 1995.

Heldman, R. K., Future Telecommunications: Information Applications, Services, & Infrastructure, McGraw-Hill, 1993.

Kevin, K., Out of Control: The New Biology of Machines, Social Systems, and the Economic World, Addison Wesley, Reading, MA, 1994.

Koelsch, F., The Infomedia Revolution: How it is Changing our World and Your Life, McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1995.

Masuda, Y., The Information Society as Post-Industrial Society, World Future Society, 1981.

Negroponte, Nicolas, Being Digital, Knopf, 1995.

Scarr, R. W. A., Future Trends in Telecommunications, John Wiley and Sons, England, 1993.

Toffler, Alvin. and Toffler, Heidi, Creating a New Civilization: The Politics of the Third Wave, Turner Publishing, 1994.

Toffler, Alvin, The Third Wave, William Morrow, New York, 1980.

Education and Libraries:

Burgess, W. E., The Oryx Guide to Distance Learning: A Comprehensive Listing of Electronic and Other Media-Assisted Courses, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1994.

Bulkeley, W. M., "Technology has the Potential to Revolutionize Education," The Wall Street Journal, November 13, 1995.

Clement, G. P., "Libraries Without Walls," Internet World, September, 1994.

Hall, J. W., "The Revolution in Electronic Technology and the Modern University: The Convergence of Means," Educom Review, July/August, 1995
(URL - http//

Kranich, N., "The Selling of Cyberspace: Can Libraries Protect Public Access?," Library Journal, November 15, 1993.

Miller, R. Bruce and Wolf, Milton T., Editors, Thinking Robots, an Aware Internet, and Cyberpunk Librarians, Library and Information Technology Association, Chicago, 1992.

Mingle, J. R., "Changes Ahead or State Policy in Higher Education: The World Comes to the Academy," Educom Review, July/August, 1995.
(URL - htp://

Vedantham, A. and Breedon, L., "Networking for K-12 Education: The Federal Perspective," Internet Research: Electronic Networking Applications and Policy, 1995.

Wallis, C., "The Learning Revolution: What Wondrous Things Occur When a School is Wired to the Max," Time, Special Issue Spring, 1995.

Networks for Goals 2000 Reform: Bringing the Internet to K-12 Schools, Texas Education Network, 1994.

Reinventing Schools: The Technology is Now!, National Academy of Sciences, 1995.

Electronic Democracy and Access to Government Information:

Corburn, C. (ed.) and Berglund, D., Partnerships: A Compendium of State and Federal Cooperative Technology Programs, Battelle Press, 1995.

Evans, J., "Government on the Web," Government Technology, November, 1995.

Grossman, L. K., "The Electronic Republic," Media Studies Journal, Summer, 1995.

Grossman, L. K., "Maintaining Diversity in the Electronic Republic," Technology Review, November/December, 1995.

Huffman, L. and Talcove, W., "Local Governments not Ready for the Information Highway,"

Government Technology, February, 1995.Noack, D., "Electronic Democracy: Access to Legislative Databases Increasing," Government Technology, June, 1994.

Phillips, K., "Virtual Washington: The Way is Open for the Total Overhaul of U. S. Politics," Time, Special Issue Spring, 1995.

Cybercommunities and the New Civil Liberties:

Adam, John (moderator), "The Privacy Problem," (panel discussion) IEEE Spectrum, December, 1995.

Bacard, A., The Computer Privacy Handbook: A Practical Guide to E-Mail Encryption, Data Protection, and PGP Privacy Software, Peachpit Press, 1995.

Branscomb, Anne Wells, Who Owns Information?: From Privacy to Public Access, Basic Books, New York, 1994.

Bruckman, A., "Finding One's Own Space in Cyberspace," Technology Review, January, 1996.

Cerf, Vincent, "Freedom of the Internet," MCI Communications Corporation, 1995
(URL -

Miller, S. E., Civilizing Cyberspace, Addison-Wesley Computer Science, MA, 1996 (forthcoming).

Rheingold, H., The Virtual Community: Homesteading on the Electronic Frontier, Addison Wesley, Reading, MA, 1993.

Rushkoff, Douglas, Cyberia: Life in the Trenches of Cyberspace, Harper, San Francisco, 1994.

Sterling, Bruce, The Hacker Crackdown: Law and Disorder on the Electronic Frontier, Bantam Books, New York, 1992.
(URL -

Toward an Information Bill of Rights and Responsibilities, The Aspen Institute, 1995
(URL -

Enabling Persons with Disabilities:

Blanck, P., "Celebrating Communications Technology for Everyone," Federal Communications Law Journal, December, 1994 (URL -

Fontaine, P., "Universal Information Access on the World Wide Web," Center for Information Technology Accommodation, 1995.
(URL -

Lazaro, J., "Adaptive Computing and the Internet: One Step Forward, Two Steps Back?," Internet Research, Winter, 1994.

"Telecommunications and Persons with Disabilities: Building the Framework," World Institute on Disability, The Second Report of the Blue Ribbon Panel on National Telecommunications Policy, Oakland, California, January, 1993.